Smorgasbord Invitation 2017 Review – The Top Health Post – Candida and the link to Milk Allergy, Lactose Intolerance and Leaky Gut

For the fourth year running this post on Candida Albicans was the top health post.  This would tend to indicate that the figures provided for those suffering from an overgrowth of Candida Albicans is in the region of 65 to 75% of us in the Western world.. Despite being a fungus… it is important to remember that its favourite food in the world.. like so many of us… is sugar!

Smorgasbord Health 2017This was the top viewed post  of all time  in the various Health series.  This year alone the figure was 1549 times  I repeat annually simply because I have a new audience and it also is a reminder that we are treating the symptoms but not the root cause. If you consider the list of common ailments resulting from an imbalance of healthy and healthy bacteria and fungus such as candida it becomes very clear how important the health of our gut is and that we need to take more care of it.

In the posts on Candida Albicans I have mentioned that there are around 120 symptoms associated with an overgrowth. Obviously too many to list here. However, there are a substantial number of health issues that owe their origins to the overgrowth but it is seldom recognised when those conditions are diagnosed.

When I have worked with clients who have come to me because they have been diagnosed with Milk Allergy, Lactose Intolerance or Leaky Gut syndrome I am immediately suspicious. Usually when the client has completed the Candida Questionnaire it more often than not supports the link to an overgrowth of the fungus. Sometimes going back years..Babies who are born to mothers with a Candida overgrowth are rarely infected in the womb but because quite a high percentage of mothers have the Candida present in the birth tract, they acquire it at that point. It is estimated that this is 25% of all mothers.. That means that millions of babies are born already prone to a candida overgrowth.

I would like to see Candida screening for all women who are about to conceive since their overgrowth effects their ability to supply their own body with nutrients, let alone that of a growing foetus.  I am not a scientist but I would bet that this inability to provide adequate nourishment for the baby may be contributory to the number of premature births and also health problems associated with newborns.

There are a great many illnesses associated with Candida but I am just going to cover these health issues today… If you feel that you might have an overgrowth then please contact me and I will send you the questionnaire by email. You have the previous posts to refer to and the final post next week will have some final notes on how to adapt your diet and also a natural remedy that I have used for over 20 years that you might find helpful.


Milk or Dairy Allergy is surprisingly common but there is some confusion over milk allergy and lactose intolerance.

A dairy allergy is an immune response that results in inflammation and tissue damage and it can be exhibited in any part of the body causing a wide range of problems. It is an immune response to the protein, Casein, in Cow dairy products that the body perceives as a threat. It is very rare for there to be the same reaction to the protein found in Goat’s milk which is a different protein. It is usually a genetic problem passed down through the family. If someone is reacting to both the casein in cow’s milk and the different protein in Goat’s milk then it is more likely to be leaky gut syndrome where inappropriate proteins are escaping into the bloodstream and causing an allergic reaction. I go into more detail about leaky gut later but here are the protein specifics for cows and goats.


imagesApha-s1 is the major casein protein present in cow milk and has been identified as one of the major cow milk allergens. By contrast the major casein in goat milk is ß-casein, and alpha-s2 casein is the main alpha casein present. Goat’s milk contains only trace amounts of an allergenic casein protein, alpha-S1, found in cow’s milk. Goat’s milk casein is more similar to human milk.

The most common symptoms associated with a Milk Allergy in babies are also very serious as they can include the anaphylaxis (severe allergic reaction) which is life threatening and has a very rapid onset. However all new mothers should be aware of the inability to thrive, constant crying, vomiting, wheezing, rashes and stomach upsets.

In children ear infections are very common – the reason being that the Eustachian tube which opens into the back of the throat is not fully developed in children and is easily blocked by mucus which provides a warm breeding ground for bacteria. The inflammation of the tube is usually caused by an allergy – most often dairy as this is usually the first foods after breast feeding or formula that a child will eat and drink.
There are a number of tests available to confirm milk allergy.

In adults these are the likely symptoms: sinusitis, heartburn/reflux, constipation, diarrhoea and irritable bowel syndrome. Some others are as follows:

Abdominal Pain – Acne – Anxiety – Arthritis – Cold Sores – Fibromyalgia – Gas Headaches – Heartburn – Indigestion – Iron deficient anaemia – Irritability – Joint Pain
Lactose intolerance – Osteoporosis – Poor immune function.

Dairy allergy relates to all types of milk from a cow, cheese, butter, yogurt, cottage cheese, ice cream – it also includes anything else which contains the protein casein such as whey and lactalbumin which are unfortunately found in many processed foods. If you suffer from these symptoms and use industrialised foods you need to read the labels very carefully.


Lactose intolerance is in fact an enzyme deficiency not an allergy – however lactose intolerance can be the result of a dairy allergy.

Lactase is the enzyme that digests the milk sugar lactose. People with lactose intolerance usually experience an upset stomach, bloating, gas and loose stools. Unfortunately these also mirror symptoms of milk allergy.

If someone has a milk allergy, damage can occur to the digestive tract which inhibits the production of the enzyme lactase therefore adding the lactose intolerance to the list of symptoms.

Milk allergy is estimated to affect 2% of infants and young children in the UK. That percentage decreases as the child ages and it rare to find onset after 12 months. Breastfeeding reduces the risk significantly. Usually 9 out of 10 sufferers will grow out of the allergy by age three. Obviously 1 in 10 children do not outgrow it and these are the children most likely to pass on the response to their own children.

This means that it is only likely to persist in those with a strong family history of allergies especially to other food allergies such as eggs, soya, peanuts or citrus fruits.
If someone is experiencing a severe allergic reaction to a particular food you are likely to see the followin: Skin problems such as eczema and dermatitis, gastro problems such as nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea. Breathing problems such as wheezing, coughing, rhinitis, asthma.

In a normal healthy person the small intestine acts like a sieve only permitting the breakdown products of the digestion into the bloodstream. These include the obvious nutrients but also fats, proteins and starches – all of which are very well digested and the larger molecules such as bacterium and toxins are excluded.

As part of this process, Villi, which are finger like projections from the wall of the intestinal tract with even smaller hair like extensions called microvilli, serve as a point of absorption for nutrients. The essential nutrients that the body needs such as glucose, amino acids are carried through the microvilli into the cells of the villus via a transport system comprised of carrier molecules.

If someone is suffering from a leaky gut the intestinal lining has become inflamed and the microvilli become damaged. They cannot then produce the necessary enzymes and secretions necessary for the absorption of nutrients.

Normally there is a strong wall of cells which prevents the larger molecules containing bacteria and toxins to pass through, however when there is an area of inflammation this structure becomes weakened and these harmful molecules can pass through into the bloodstream. This provokes an automatic response from the immune system which produces antibodies (proteins that locate and attack foreign objects as they are seen as antigens).

If this was a one off, the body would cope with the invasion and the gut would return to normal, but if the intestinal wall is damaged and the process is on-going then the immune system is unable to control the leakage of toxins and they begin to leak back into the liver causing that organ to become stressed and overburdened.


I talked about the liver in a previous post but here is a little reminder of how important this organ is in relation to Candida.. It is the largest gland in the body and plays a really important part in detoxification as well as having many other functions including: producing bile, containing bile acids, which aid digestion, filtering out toxins, such as drugs, alcohol and environmental toxins, storing glucose as glycogen, then breaking it down about 4 hours after a meal to be converted to glucose to regulate blood sugar levels, converting ammonia to urea and removing damaged red blood cells.

Leaky Gut completely overworks the liver because it floods it with additional toxins diminishing the liver’s ability to neutralise chemical substances. When it cannot cope with the level of toxins the liver expels them back into the bloodstream. The circulatory system then pushes the toxins into the connective tissues and muscles where the body stores them to prevent major organ damage. The liver doesn’t get the time to go back and rid the body of the toxins.

You then have a build-up of toxins in the tissues and major organs leading to inflammation and all the symptoms associated with allergic reactions. Including those of milk allergy and lactose intolerance.

In fact the person suffering from leaky gut usually test positive for a great many allergies, not because they are allergic to a specific substance or food but because their immune system is in overdrive – this leads to the chronic forms of conditions such as arthritis and asthma. The biggest problem is that therapists and doctors will begin to remove essential foods and nutrients from the diet to try and overcome this massive reaction when in fact they should be treating the root cause which is Candida. Starving the body of a broad spectrum of nutrients is not the answer, starving the Candida is.

If you believe that you might have Candida and would like to answer a simple questionnaire.. please email me on and I will email it to you.


Smorgasbord Health 2019 – Top to Toe – The Skin – Eczema -Genetics or Lifestyle

In the last post I covered a general overview of the role of our skin and also the nutrients it requires to be healthy.  I wanted to expand on that with a couple of specific posts from 2014 on eczema and other common skin conditions.

Today I will look at the itchy and very debilitating eczema since this condition can be complex to get rid of. There are many different causes but usually there is a link to a family associated tendency towards Asthma, Hay fever and allergies. As you will see as we move through the post this genetic link goes back more than just a couple of generations.

For example in our recent history in my family there is a link to asthma. My grandmother died of the disease at only 52 in 1945 before there were effective treatments. My mother suffered from hay fever and was allergic to penicillin, aspirin and tetanus. I have those same allergies and also have suffered from skin problems from time to time. One of my sisters also suffered badly from asthma as a child and teenager although grew out of it unless exposed to certain contaminants. However, it is interesting and often useful to go back further and I am talking about 20,000 years!

In an earlier post on the blog I introduced my great, great grandmother many times removed called Helena – a fictional name for the bones of a woman discovered in a cave in Southern Europe who had lived approximately 20,000 years ago.

I submitted my DNA in 2001 to Oxford Ancestors after reading the fascinating book The Seven Daughters of Eve by Professor Bryan Sykes a human geneticist. Latest research more or less concludes that Helena (from Haplogroup H mitochondrial sequence) came from a people who had travelled from West Asia around 25,000 years ago and then moved through Europe as the ice age receded. It is estimated that 46% of all Europeans share this DNA sequencing and is therefore the most common.  Since we submitted our DNA there have been several advances in technology and other connections discovered and the story has become even more fascinating.

I have mentioned this to illustrate that we are not just at risk from our toxic modern environment or our diet and lifestyle choices. There are elements associated with many of our illnesses that have a genetic component and later I will follow this link to skin problems.


The most common form of eczema is atopic dermatitis which results in a very dry, itchy red rash. Scratching it may cause some relief but leaves scars and thickening of the skin. It is more common in babies but they usually grow out of it by about 5 years old. Their immune systems are immature and may find it difficult to digest cow’s milk or eggs but of course may also be affected by a genetic link to asthma and allergies. This is also the case when skin problems continue into adulthood when exposed to an environmental allergen such as dust mites, pollen and animal dander.

Our bodies are programmed to handle toxins when we encounter them on an infrequent basis but when exposed daily or even a few times a week our liver and waste disposal system goes into overwhelm. Our skin is actually our largest waste organ not the liver. It is porous with a two way filtering system. Touch a contaminant and it will be absorbed instantly. Usually just to the first layer or two but if the toxin is strong enough then it will leach into your blood stream and create more difficulties for organs such as the liver which has the job of neutralizing and preparing contaminants for excretion.

However, when you regularly eat a food that you are genetically not designed to eat all the time, then you will begin to experience various symptoms, stomach upsets, vomiting and skin problems as the body uses its natural defence systems to get rid of it. Histamines are released and these will result in a streaming eyes and nose, hives or rashes. This is an intolerance but of course if it is a full blown allergy to the food, such as peanuts, it can cause a life threatening anaphylactic reaction.

Non-food related eczema

Before I look at the food related eczema I will just cover a likely genetic link to skin conditions. Research has found that some people have a lack of a particular protein in their skin called Filaggrin and this helps form and maintain the protective outer layer. If this outer layer is thinner than it should be, it will not provide adequate protection from external contaminants. For example detergents, dust mites, animal dander, and certain cloth types such as natural wools or synthetics that are rough to the touch. Dyes in clothing, labels that rub the skin, tight fitting garments, soaps and other cleansers, make-up, nickel in jewellery etc.

Unfortunately with that type of genetic skin formation there is little you can do but use avoidance tactics.

  • This means using fragrance free and pH neutral washing powders, soap, shower gels, cosmetics and anything that is going to come into contact with your skin.
  • Not wearing tight fitting undergarments and clothes.
  • Ensuring that you keep your bed clothes and furniture well aired and washed frequently on a hot wash to eliminate dander and mites.

There is a great deal of information on the web if you do have this form of touch related eczema and it is well worth making some changes to relieve the symptoms. Also, if you are suffering from this form of skin condition with its genetic link it is likely that any children that you have may also have the problem so making the changes will benefit the whole family.

  • Make sure that when handling any form of chemical cleaner or personal products such as hair dye that you wear non-latex gloves and always wash any exposed skin immediately with running water.
  • Severe cold can trigger an increase in reactions and although sunlight with its vitamin D can benefit certain skin conditions you will find that hot, humid weather that causes sweat glands to work overtime can increase the severity of eczema and hives.
  • If you smoke you are massively increasing the work load of your skin barrier as thousands of chemicals attack and infiltrate through to the bloodstream.
  • If you suffer from any skin condition it is likely to be worsened by stress of any kind. The body is on alert in fight or flight mode and particularly when the stress is chronic or long term the continual release of hormones and chemicals into your bloodstream can increase reactions to both food and external toxins.

Back to food.

If you are prone to food related eczema then you should be looking at the nightshade family (Solanaceae). There are actually over 2000 species of plant that are used as food and also in some of the medicines we ingest which does not make it easier to pinpoint as a culprit for reactions such as eczema. If you have a sensitivity to nightshade you will be unable to digest them completely and this leads to a long list of symptoms including stomach upsets, constant bloating, painful joints and even depression.

Nightshade foods and eggs that might be the cause of eczema.

white potatoes

Potatoes, tomatoes, peppers of any kind, aubergine or eggplant, and certain berries such as Goji or cape gooseberries are high up on the suspect list as are eggs. The egg white more so than the yolk and whilst they are an amazing form of protein and nutrients, some people have to avoid all together or only eat once or twice a week.

The reason that I mention that you might be able to tolerate limited exposure to these foods is that your liver usually can clear down toxins within five days. It becomes overwhelmed however when you are eating some of these suspect foods every day. My two key supects are green peppers (they are not fully ripe) and aubergines. Tomatoes and potatoes do not cause me problems. Everyone has a unique chemical make up and genetic background so you may find you can tolerate different nightshades to other people.

Before you make a connection with your skin problems and stop eating these excellent sources of nutrients for ever, it is a good idea to keep a food diary for a week – eat normally and make a note of any skin changes that occur in that time. Two weeks is even better.

If you suffer from eczema or hives ring the foods that I mentioned above with a red pen and see how many times a week you are eating them. The culprit foods or food is going to be the one which you eat daily or more than three or four times a week. They will be easy to spot. See how many of the foods fall into the nightshade family or eggs. This does not just include boiled, scrambled or fried etc. but also dishes containing eggs. If eating cakes, biscuits or other processed baked goods double check the ingredients.

A final note on the genetic link to food intolerances.

Our DNA does not mutate quickly. 20,000 years is a mere drop in the ocean in DNA terms and if our ancestors were not exposed to certain foods such as wheat, nightshade family or dairy then our bodies may not be equipped to digest them efficiently and may even react to them as toxins.

Our diets have changed radically in the last 300 years since the introduction of refined sugars which is tough enough on our bodies, but we have also now have access to foods from around the world that our long line of grandparents would never have consumed. Most are easy to digest and offer wonderful health benefits but occasionally you will find one that your body, in its wisdom, considers to be poison and will let you know very quickly.

With the addition of refined sugars and the additives in industrially prepared foods our body is under increasing stress as it tries to deal with foods with even the slightest toxicity. I have found with clients over the years that when they go almost sugar free and only cook from scratch many of their intolerances and reactions, such as skin conditions clear up.

We usually say that mother knows best but in fact our bodies have that one nailed!

©sally cronin Just Food for Health 1998 – 2019

A little bit about me nutritionally.

I am a qualified nutritional therapist with over twenty years experience working with clients in Ireland and the UK as well as being a health consultant on radio in Spain. Although I write a lot of fiction, I actually wrote my first two books on health, the first one, Size Matters, a weight loss programme 20 years ago, based on my own weight loss of 154lbs. My first clinic was in Ireland, the Cronin Diet Advisory Centre and my second book, Just Food for Health was written as my client’s workbook. Since then I have written a men’s health manual, and anti-aging programme, articles for magazines and posts here on Smorgasbord.

If you would like to browse by health books and fiction you can find them here:

 If you have any questions then please do not hesitate to ask in the comments.. or if you prefer send in an email to

Smorgasbord Health – A – Z of common ailments – Allergies and Intolerances

In this post I am going to take a look at the terms Allergy and Intolerance and explain the differences between the two. Many people will say that they have an allergy to certain foods for example but in fact they have an intolerance.

There are many symptoms and common ailments that are linked to food allergies and finding out what might be causing these is step one in resolving the problem naturally. Anxiety, arthritis, asthma, bronchitis, ME. Hayfever, Celiac disease, diabetes, headaches and eczema are just some of the diseases that could be linked to certain foods. Certainly long term intolerance or allergy to foods can contribute to more serious conditions such as Multiple Sclerosis and Cancer.

The first reaction that most people have is to totally discard the food responsible and never touch it again. Some people develop such a totally restricted diet that they do themselves harm by denying their bodies the nutrients that are essential to their health and well-being.

Some practitioners will also advise their clients to stop consuming certain foods and it is important that a client always ask when they can begin introducing these restricted foods again. If a reaction is very severe then yes of course it would be absolutely essential not to touch that food. Peanuts are a prime example. Nut allergies however are just that an allergy, which is very different from an intolerance and the two should not be confused.


An allergic reaction is immediate. It is a fast response. An intolerance is by contrast a slow reaction. The speed with which an individual will react to certain stimulants is governed by two antibodies called IgE and IgG.

An allergy is an immediate reaction to a toxic substance either in food or in the environment that causes established and well-documented side effects. Our body is protected by anti-bodies one of which is called IgE. The role of this antibody is to forcibly reject toxins and in doing so the body undergoes some severe reactions in its effort to clean and heal its systems. Because IgE antibodies are intelligent, each fresh attack is worse than the last because it learns to produce a more effective and violent response. This is why what begins as a mild sneezing and coughing reaction may develop over repeated exposure to a more dangerous and life threatening reaction. Some of the intense reactions likely to be experienced are:

  • Intense itching on specific parts of all over the skin.
  • Hives (swollen red nodules just under the skin)
  • Swelling of the lips, tongue and throat.
  • Severe headache,
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • Sneezing and coughing
  • Abdominal cramps
  • Diarrhoea

In severe cases this can lead to Anaphylactic shock which takes all of the above and leads to drop in blood pressure, extreme breathing difficulties, loss of consciousness and shock – all of which can be fatal.

An intolerance on the other hand is a build-up over time of the poisons in culprit foods, which cause the above symptoms in a mild or moderate form. In some cases it might only be intermittent and because it involves a build-up over a period of time it is very difficult to determine which food is the one causing the problem.

You might experience one or all of the above symptoms with differing severity and put it down to hay fever, or eating something that did not agree with you. You take an anti-histamine or a diarrhoea pill and the symptoms go away. A few weeks later you might suffer the same thing again but it is happening in isolation you do not connect to a common cause.

There is a different anti-body that seems to be involved in this type of delayed reaction and it is called IgG.

This antibody is more concerned with toxins that you have produced yourself rather than those that you have just ingested into your body. Its job is to rid the blood stream of toxins that have found their way into your system from the intestines. Because food in our digestive systems can take 24 hours to digest, the time taken for bacteria to get into the blood stream means a reaction might not take place for two to three days. Therefore difficult to pinpoint the problem food.


Everyone is individual and no one person reacts in the same way to any allergens but the most likely culprits for severe allergic reactions apart from nuts are peanuts (not a true nut) milk, eggs, soy, wheat and shellfish. All foods that most of us consider safe and extremely healthy. But if your chemical systems react to the chemicals in a food negatively, then these so called healthy foods can cause a severe reaction. Twenty percent of anaphylactic reactions appear to have no reason at all.

This type of allergy is likely to show up pretty quickly in childhood. There are some instances where a person’s chemical makeup has been changed through either drugs or treatments such as chemotherapy and they then begin to react to foods that they have eaten safely for years.


In the first place avoidance of the food is essential. For example nut allergies are extremely difficult as many prepared products or meals eaten out may have some form of nut in them, which is not evident in the packaging or the menu description.

I have had a garden salad and found walnuts mixed in with it. Restaurants put other nuts on salads as a garnish. Most menu items do not mention that it contains nuts and if you are not very careful you could inadvertently eat a piece without knowing. Even more difficult is the use of crushed nuts in desserts – they are not even visible. It is much better than it used to be with food establishments and manufacturers legally obliged to label products and menu items carefully, however, if you are buying street food or even eating in a friend’s house you have to make sure to ask if it contains nuts or even nut oil.


If someone is suffering from anaphylactic shock and you are on hand, you need to work very quickly. Usually the first signs may be reddened and swollen eyelids and wheezing. The person will look flushed and their ears will begin to swell.

Check to see if they are carrying adrenaline. It will usually be in the form of an injection kit. Most severe allergy sufferers, particularly those who have suffered anaphylaxis before will be carrying an injection on them and will also be wearing an ID bracelet. If they are unable to give themselves an injection, then you must do so. Straight into the muscle at the side of the thigh. That is the only place that a non-medical person should inject, as anywhere else could be dangerous. Adrenaline or epinephrine as it is also known, counters the intense reaction to the respiratory and cardiovascular systems. It constricts the blood vessels, relaxes the muscles in the lungs to improve breathing, reverses the swelling and stimulates the heartbeat.

If they are not carrying adrenaline you must get them medical attention urgently. Try and keep them calm. If the emergency service say that they cannot get to you within minutes then put the person in a car and get them to the nearest medical emergency room as fast as possible. As soon as you get there one person rush in and tell them you have an anaphylactic shock patient coming in so that they can come out to the car with you.

Knowing how to react is vital as I found out  when I suffered two cases of anaphylactic shock. Once as a reaction to penicillin and once when I was attacked by fire ants in Texas. I was in full anaphylactic shock in minutes and luckily a neighbour drove us straight to the emergency room which was one block away. We arrived in bathing costumes and the driver dashed in and called for assistance. They were fast but it was still touch and go for about 20 minutes.

If you think that someone is going into this severe allergic reaction then act first and think later. Don’t wait to see if it develops, if breathing is beginning to be compromised then get help immediately.


Quite a few people are allergic to latex which of course is found in rubber gloves and condoms. It mainly affects people who are in constant contact with latex products during medical procedures, like nurses and doctors. Patients who are in hospital for extended stays or have a lot of hands on medical treatment can develop an allergy.

There is a link to latex and food. It would seem that a person who reacts to latex might also get anaphylaxis from bananas, avocados, kiwi, figs, peanuts, potatoes and tomatoes.

Other non-food allergens are bees, wasps and any other stinging insect such as the fire ants.


Most of us at one time or another has suffered from a streaming nose, itchy eyes and some wheezing. It is an immediate reaction to contact with the allergen.

The top triggers are:

INHALENTS (breathed in.)

Tree and plant pollens -Animal mites – House Dust mites – Mould spores -Tobacco smoke (contains over 4000 chemicals including banned pesticides and arsenic) -Car exhaust -Chemical products such as paint, dry cleaning solutions, perfumes and cosmetics)

INGESTANTS (taken by mouth)

Foods (dairy, eggs, peanuts, wheat, Soya, chocolate, tomatoes, corn, fish and shellfish) – Medications (antibiotics – tetanus) -Pesticides in food  – Heavy metals in tap water

CONTACTANTS (by touch)

Plants (poison ivy, oak) – Jewellery (nickel, copper) – Latex – Beauty products (hair dye, cosmetics)


To be honest as a nutritional therapist, I understand that the body is simply trying to rid itself of toxins but I am as guilty as anyone of reaching for the packet of pills to relieve the symptoms of colds, hay fever and stomach upsets.

Being realistic, once you have those types of symptoms, particularly streaming nose and eyes and a stomach upset, it is virtually impossible to get on with your daily life. Working, caring for young children even walking the dog have to be done, so of course you need help to get through that.

But, there is a cause for your allergic reactions. We have already established that a full-blown allergy is likely to be a fast reaction and you will be able to identify the problem food or product immediately.

Far more challenging is finding the culprit for intermittent but consistently mild to moderate reactions, that happen days or weeks apart. Or there may be only one symptom such as sneezing or wind, bloating or a rash.


Apart from skin problems such as eczema and psoriasis, which tends to be chronic and long term, there could be hives that come and go in a week. Wind problems, bloating, indigestion, fluttering stomach, stomach upsets or constipation.

Others may be suffering from inflammatory diseases such as asthma, arthritis etc. These have been strongly linked to food intolerances. I will be covering these later in the series.

Thanks for dropping by and if you found useful then please feel free to share.. Sally