Smorgasbord Health – The Lungs – Part Four – Pneumonia – the most common cause of death of children worldwide!

As part of the series on essential minerals I covered the subject of Asthma recently so won’t include in this series on the lungs.  But if you are interested in reading more about this particular respiratory disease then you can find the details in this post. Asthma

According to the world health organisation Pneumonia is the leading course of death in children. That surprised me too. I know that it the most common cause of death written on a death certificate for the elderly, and it is because these are the two most vulnerable groups in our society wherever we live.


In the post on asthma, I looked at some common allergic reasons for this condition and now I am going to look at pneumonia which is an inflammation or infection of the lungs most commonly caused by a bacteria or virus.

The origin of the word pneumonia is from the Greek pneuma – meaning air, and pneumon, – meaning lung, with pneumonia meaning inflammation of the lung.

There are approximately 30 causes of pneumonia and before the use of antibiotics over a third of the victims of this disease died. Today it tends to be young children, the elderly, or people with existing debilitating conditions, who are likely to contract pneumonia.

What are the most common types of pneumonia?

There are two categories of pneumonia that all types fall into. One is infective pneumonia and the other is aspiration pneumonia.

Infective pneumonia is when the bronchial tubes and lungs become infected and inflamed by either bacteria or a virus that has entered the lungs and reproduced.

Streptococcus pneumoniae

Bacterial pneumonia

Bacteria are not choosy and anyone can become infected. The most common culprit is Streptococcus pneumoniae or Pneumococcus (pictured above). In these cases one or other of the lobes of the lung are affected. The onset of this form of pneumonia is very rapid with high fever and breathing difficulties within the first few hours and with the very young and the elderly seeking medical help immediately is vital as their immune systems are unable to cope with the ferocity of the infection.

There are are further complications with this specific bacteria as it can affect other parts of the body such as the brain where it becomes meningitis. This diagnosis is a parent’s worst nightmare and this is why understanding the symptoms early can be so important. The bacteria is easily transportable in the bloodstream to all parts of the body, so if not treated can lead to a serious strain on the immune system. Bacterial pneumonia normally responds to a strong dose of antibiotics but as with many diseases today some of the bacteria responsible for pneumonia have become resistant to those currently in use.

Viral pneumonia

Viral pneumonia is the most common form of the disease, although it does not always have the worst symptoms. It quite commonly follows another upper respiratory disease – when viruses coughed out of the lungs get inhaled back into the air sacs to begin another infection. The onset is usually less rapid than the bacterial form of the disease, beginning with a persistent cough, high fever and possibly nausea. The usual treatment unless the problem is very severe is patience whilst the infection runs its course. This is where eating a diet rich in anti-oxidants and plenty of fluids will help to build up the immune system and support the body whilst it recovers.

Aspiration pneumonia

Aspiration pneumonia is any condition where a foreign substance such as vomit, mucous or other fluids such as saliva have been inhaled into the lungs. This obviously applies to external contaminants such as chemicals. This can effect young babies who tend to lie on their backs and have not mastered the swallow reflex. Also, toddlers, who play with miniature toys, or sweets, are also at risk and there have been cases where the epiglottis has failed to block their entry into the lungs leading to inflammation and infection. The elderly also are at risk through ill fitting dentures and poor dental health that minimises the amount of chewing of the food in the first place. Because all of the body is working less efficiently, particles of food can be inhaled into the lungs causing an infection.

A chemical inhalant can be extremely damaging in the long term. Apart from the normal inflammation of the alveoli, at the tips of the bronchial tubes, the acidity and reaction of the chemical can also do extensive damage to the lung tissue resulting in permanent damage.

How can you avoid contracting pneumonia?

It is important to boost your immune system to prevent infections, particularly if you are going to be admitted to hospital for an invasive operation. Despite their life-saving capabilities, hospitals are also a thriving incubator for infection and unfortunately most people who are rushed in for an emergency may not be in the best of health.

To me, this is one of the most compelling reasons to eat a healthy diet. It is a form of insurance that should be taken out along with car, house and possibly private health insurance. Many people only begin to eat healthily after the event, when they have been scared into it by a heart attack or a run in with a vicious infection.

The majority of people suffer first and foremost from a repressed immune system, which is why they keep getting repeated infections such as colds. After a relatively short period of time the body becomes more and more vulnerable to more aggressive infections such as pneumonia.

Ensure you are following at least a basic healthy eating plan which should include lots of brightly coloured fruits, such as oranges and apples, and vegetables – particularly dark green leafy kinds such as spinach and broccoli. Do not starve yourself and ensure plenty of variety so that you get the widest possible spread of nutrients. Cook from Scratch is a habit that we should all get into for life. The effect of processed foods on our immune system is long lasting and particularly for the young who are likely to see the results of our modern diet earlier and earlier in their lives.

One of the major problems with the elderly is their lack of appetite, which needs to be stimulated with tasty snacks 5 or 6 times a day, and nutrient dense foods such as bananas, rich vegetable soups, pureed vegetables that are easy to absorb and eggs are perfect for this as you can eat slightly less whilst still getting the nutrients. Soft fruits and vegetable juices are perfect, as they are concentrated and easy to digest.

For children who are picky and will not eat their fruit and vegetables you can make smoothies with vegetables and fruit and pureed soups that hide the fact they are eating Brussel sprouts.

What else should you do to avoid contagion?

  • · One of the easiest precautions that you can take to avoid getting a cold or flu that might turn into pneumonia is to wash your hands thoroughly before eating and after contact with other people. Hot water and soap is usually sufficient although there are a number of antibacterial products on the market.
  • · If you have a cold, or flu, use tissues rather than hankies and always throw them away when you have used once. Not very cost effective but it prevents you re-infecting your nasal passages with the bacteria or flu when you blow your nose repeatedly.
  • · If you have a cold, or a person you know has one, then avoid kissing them or touching them with your hands unless you can wash them straight away. It is so easy to touch your mouth and nose and infect yourself within minutes.
  • · If you are a smoker or are in close proximity to one you will find that the alveoli in your lungs are already damaged and therefore susceptible to inflammation and infection. There is only one thing for this and that is to stop smoking and stub out the cigarette of anyone else in your vicinity.
  • · If you are using strong cleaning products always open a window and if possible use a mask. This obviously applies in a work situation where health and safety regulations should be observed stringently. Those of us who colour our own hair should always open the nearest window for example.
  • · If you are in the garden and spraying weeds or using fertiliser do not do so on a windy day and wear a mask over mouth and nose as well as protective clothing. Always hose off boots and clothing outside.

In summary, you need to build your immune system and adopt some simple everyday hygiene standards and it will greatly reduce your risk of contracting this second stage infection.

Next time – Lung Cancer – and then diet that helps your lungs stay healthy.

©sallygeorginacronin Just Food For Health 2009

Life Expectancy – Industrialised food and its effect on our longevity.

Tables and studies on life expectancy are only as good as the data provided. There are too many variables to take into consideration. Back in Victorian times for example there were many people who lived to over 80 or even 90 but because of the high infant mortality rate this brought down the average.

However, there is no doubt that there could be the beginning of a trend inthe reduction in average life expectancy, not just for women but also for men. And not only in the UK which is the subject of this article in the press but in the US and other countries in Europe.

Those of us termed as ‘baby boomers’ are now reaching our 60s and 70s and there are factors within our lifetimes that have impacted our general health and therefore our life expectancy.

Whilst there is no doubt that in some cases medical advancements have kept pace with many diseases, there are some health issues that are silent killers. They go undetected until such time as the disease is so advanced it is too late to halt its progress. Most of these are lifestyle related. Increased obesity, cancer and dementia are the prime indicators of a population that is malnourished. This is not starvation related to food consumption but based on the nutritional content of the food we eat daily and our body relies on to be healthy.

images of food of 60s

The 60s saw the beginning of the processed food revolution that promised to cut a woman’s workload in half and make it so much easier to provide her family with inexpensive nourishing food.

I remember the first processed food that I was given as a teenager. Vesta beef curry which was a reconstituted dried concoction from several packets inside a very colourful box that depicted a place of steaming goodness. Well, anyone who ever ate a Vesta dried meal would have been very skilled to have produced anything so luscious and  they should have been done for false advertising.

Today’s industrially produced and readily available food is no different.. You might not have to add water to most of it to revive it but usually there are so many additives that it is just as unhealthy.

I do understand that a busy lifestyle with two parents working makes convenience and expense a priority, but it may well be a false economy since the cost in terms of our health is not so easily determined.  Increasingly we are putting our health into the hands of the industrialists whose aim is not the health of the nation, but their own share prices. They will be accessing the cheapest source of ingredients possible and researching colours and flavours that will give those components that fresh and healthy appearance.

The labelling has become smaller and smaller and who has time to read through a list of 30 ingredients?  That should be your first clue.  If you are going to eat convenience food then look at the labels and if you cannot recognise the majority of the ingredients then put back on the shelf.  Many of the large stores now have fresh prepared food counters that are a better choice as they will have been cooked from scratch in their own kitchens. Consider these as an option if you are pushed for time.

Various articles and reports indicate that 30 years ago the average consumption per year of refined sugar was around 10lbs. That figure is now in the region of 150lbs per year. Most of which is hidden sugar in everyday foods that we not only choose to eat ourselves but give to our children.


In the article in the Daily Mail it quotes that the fall in life expectancy is five weeks. That is for someone over 60.. A mere blip perhaps and something we can safely ignore as the beginning of a trend. Or can we?

Those of us over 60 years old had a relatively low sugar diet in our childhood and teen years but what about the life expectancy of someone in their teens and 20s today? Just how much of an impact is 150lbs of sugar a year going to make on the length of their lives?

Another shocking fact is that the life expectancy for women in the UK is one of the worst in Europe. Perhaps whilst the politicians are fighting it out for the election next month they might focus on that rather than scoring points against each other in debates.

Our bodies require a complex formula to provide the nutrients it requires to keep us healthy.  Here are those nutrients and the foods need to provide them.

You will see that in fact a shopping trolley containing plenty of colourful and green vegetables, moderate amounts of fresh colourful fruits, wholegrains such as porridge oats and rice, at least one portion of lean protein a day will provide you with the majority of these nutrients.

As always I am very happy to answer any questions either here in the comment section or you can contact me directly at sally.cronin (at)

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